Professor Cindy Lo Kuen LAM, MH, JP

Danny D. B. Ho Professor in Family Medicine and Department Chairperson
  • MBBS, MD(HK), FRCGP, MCGP (Irel), FHKAM (Family Medicine), Specialist in Family Medicine
Cindy graduated with the M.B.B.S. degree with distinctions in physiology and pharmacology from the University of Hong Kong in 1981. She was awarded the best female medical graduate prize by the HKU Alumni Association in 1981. She became a member of the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) by examination with distinction in 1986. She was elected Fellow of the RCGP and Foundation Fellow of the Hong Kong Academy of Medicine in 1993. She obtained her M.D. from the University of Hong Kong in 2003. She is in active clinical practice as registered specialist in family medicine. She joined the University of Hong Kong as a lecturer in general practice in 1989 and was awarded the Li Ka Shing Faculty Teaching Medal 2006 for excellence in teaching. She was promoted to clinical professor in 2007, and appointed the Danny D. B. Ho Professor in Family Medicine in 2012. She is Chief Censor of the Hong Kong College of Family Physicians, Asia-Pacific Co-chair of the WONCA Working Party for Mental Health. She was co-chair of the Grant Review Board of the Health and Medical Research Fund from 2010 to 2019.
Key Research Areas
  • Assessment of health related quality of life & patient-reported outcomes
  • Evaluation of quality and outcomes of Health and health services in Primary Care
  • Primary mental health care

Key Publications
  1. E.Y.F. Wan,  C.S.C. Fung, F.F. Jiao, E.Y.T. Yu,  W.Y.Chin, D.Y.T. Fong, C.K.H. Wong, A.K.C. Chan, K.H.Y. Chan, R.L.P. Kwok, C.L.K. Lam. 5-year effectiveness of the Multi-disciplinary Risk Assessment and Management Programme for primary care patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus‎ (RAMP-DM) on DM-related complications and health service utilizations – A Population-based and Propensity-matched Cohort Study. Diabetes Care. 2018; 41:49-59.
  2. F.F. Jiao, C.S.C. Fung, E.Y.F. Wan, A.K.C. Chan, S. M. McGhee, R.L.P. Kwok, C.L.K. Lam. Five-year cost-effectiveness of a primary care multidisciplinary Risk Assessment and Management Program for patients with Diabetes Mellitus (RAMP-DM). Diabetes Care 2018.
  3. Eric Y.F. Wan, Daniel Y.T. Fong, Colman S.C. Fung, Esther Y.T. Yu, Weng-Yee Chin, Anca K.C. Chan, Cindy L.K. Lam. Development of a Cardiovascular Diseases Risk Prediction Model and Tools for Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus – A Population-based Retrospective Cohort Study. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism 2018;20:309-318.
  4. Chin W-Y, Wan EYF, Dowrick C, Arroll B, Lam CLK. Tree analysis modeling of the associations between PHQ-9 depressive symptoms and doctor diagnosis of depression in primary care. Psychological Medicine 2018; 1–9.
  5. Eric Y.F. Wan, Esther Y.T. Yu, Weng-Yee Chin, Colman S.C. Fung, Daniel Y.T. Fong, Edmond P.H. Choi, Anca KC Chan, Cindy LK Lam. Effect of Achieved Systolic Blood Pressure on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - A Population-based Retrospective Cohort Study. Diabetes care. 2018;41(6):1134-41.
  6. Carlos K. H. Wong,  Brendan Mulhern. Garvin H. L. Cheng, Cindy L. K. Lam. SF-6D population norms for the Hong Kong Chinese general population. Quality of Life Research 2018; 27:2349–2359.
  7. Jinxiao Lian,  Sarah M. McGhee, Ching So, June Chau,  Carlos K. H. Wong , William C. W. Wong, Cindy L.K. Lam. Longterm costeffectiveness of a Patient Empowerment Programme for type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary care.  Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism 2018.
  8. Chin W.Y., Wan E.Y.F., Choi E.P.H., Chan K.T.Y., Lam CLK. The 12-month incidence and predictors of PHQ-9-screened depressive symptoms in Chinese primary care patients.  Ann Fam Med 2016; 14:47-53.
  9. Wan E.Y.F, Fung C.S.C., Wong C.H.K., Chin W.Y, Lam C.L.K.. Association of HbA1c Levels with Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - A Population-based Retrospective Cohort Study.  J Am Coll Cardiology 2016; 67: 456-58.
  10. Chin W.Y., Choi E.P.H., Lam C.L. K. The effect of timing of incentive payments on response rates for cohort study telephone interviews in primary care setting with cost-minimization analysis. BMC Medical Research Methodology  2015; 15:79.
  11. Lam C.L. K., Yu E.Y., Lo Y.Y. Wong C. K. Fong D.Y.,  Lee A.,  Lam T.P.,  Leung G.M. Having a family doctor is associated with some better patient reported outcomes of primary care consultations. Front. Med. 2014; doi: 10.3389/fmed.2014.00029.
  12. Lam C.L.K., Guo V.Y., Wong C.K.H., Yu E.Y.T., Fung C.S.C. Poverty and health-related quality of life of people living in Hong Kong: comparison of individuals from low-income families and the general population.  J Pub Health 2016; Doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdw046.
  13. Lam C.L.K, Model a close doctor-patient relationship. In Azer SA (Ed). Making Sense of Clinical Teaching: A hands-on guide to. Chapter 6.6. Boca Raton: CRC Press 2013
  14. Lam ETP, Lam CLK, Fong DYT., Huang WW. Is the SF-12_version 2 Health Survey a valid and equivalent substitute for the SF-36_version 2 Health Survey for the Chinese? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2013;19(1):200-8. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2011.01800.x
  15. Lam C.L.K., Fong D.,Y.T Chin W.Y. Lee, P.W.H., Lam E.T.P., Lo Y.Y.C. Brief Problem-solving treatment in Primary Care (PST-PC) was not more effective than placebo for elderly patients screened - positive of psychological problems  Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2010; 25:968-980.
  16. Lam C.L.K., Chin W.Y. Lee P.W.H., Lo Y.Y.C., Fong D.,Y.T. Lam T.P.  Unrecognized psychological problems impair quality of life and increase consultation rates in Chinese elderly patients.  Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2009; 24 (Aug):979-989.
  17. Lam C.L.K., Brazier J., McGhee S.M. Valuation of the SF-6D health states is feasible, acceptable, reliable and valid in a Chinese population. Value in Health 2008; 11:295-303.
  18. Lam C.L.K, Tse E.Y.Y., Gandek B. Fong D. Y. T. The SF-36 Summary Scales is valid, reliable and equivalent in a Chinese Population. J Clinc Epidem 2005; 58 (8): 815-822.
  19. Lam C.L.K, Pan P.C., Chan A.W.T., Chan S.Y., Munro C. Can the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale be used on Chinese in general practice? Family Practice 1995; 12: 149-154.
  20. Lam C.L.K, Van Weel C., Lauder I.J. Can the COOP/WONCA Charts be used to assess the functional status of Chinese patients? Family Practice 1994; 11:85-94.

Research Funding
Principal Investigator
2020-2023 UGC-General Research Fund (GRF)(#17100119, $1,069,198), “Effectiveness of Routine Measurement of Health-related Quality of Life in Improving the Outcomes of Patients with Musculoskeletal Problems- A Randomized Controlled Trial”.
2019-2024 Health and Health Services Research Fund Commissioned Research to Support Local Cohorts and Follow-up Studies(CFS-HKU4, HK$5,999,020,) on “ Cohort study to investigate the outcomes of patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus and the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of structured multi-disciplinary intervention programmes”.
2017-2019 Health and Medical Research Fund (#14151181, HKD1,200,000). “10-year Risk Prediction Models of Complications and Mortality of Diabetes Mellitus in Chinese Patients in Primary Care in Hong Kong.”
2013-2020 Kerry Group and Kuok Foundation Endowed Research Fund (Annual funding: HK$ 2.3 to 2.9 million) . Primary Care & Health Services Research Initiatives for Families: Health Assessment and Health Empowerment Programmes for Trekkers Families.
2011-2016 Health and Health Services Research Fund Commissioned Study on Enhanced Primary Care (EPC-HKU-2, HK$5,685,000, 27 July, 2011) on “ Extended evaluation of quality of care of chronic disease management and public-private partnership programmes of the Hospital Authority”.


2019-2020 UGC-General Research Fund (GRF)(#17119518, $968,347), “Elicitation of health state utilities for paediatric populations from the general public. (P.I. Dr. Carlos K.H. Wong, Department of Family Medicine & Primary Care, the University of Hong Kong)
2017-2019 Health Care Promotion Fund (# 01170498, HKD1,199,740) “A community-based lifestyle intervention program for diabetes prevention in people with pre-diabetes”. (P.I. Dr. Mandy M Ho, School of Nursing, the University of Hong Kong).
2017-2019 Health and Medical Research Fund ( #0451956, HKD1,169,416, 01/04/2017). “Identification and Evaluation of a Reliable, Non-invasive Diagnostic Method Using blood microRNA expression to diagnose High-Risk Colorectal Cancer Candidates.” (P.I.: Professor WL Law, Department of Surgery, the University of Hong Kong).
2017-2019 Health and Medical Research Fund (#14151571, HKD1,183,868). “In-depth exploration of a bidirectional parent-child health relationship and its mediating and moderating factors among low-income families in Hong Kong.” (P.I. Dr. Esther Yu Yee-tak, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, the University of Hong Kong.)
2017-2019 Health and Medical Research Fund (#14151971, HKD967,100). “How Can We Allocate the Screening Interval for Diabetic Retinopathy in Hong Kong?: towards a Personalized Approach.” (P.I. Dr. Tina LIAN Jin-Xiao, the Polytechnic University of Hong Kong.)
2017-2020 Research Grant Council General Research Fund, (# 17156416, HKD831,585, 1 Jan, 2017). Defining Indications for Managing Scoliosis Using Comparative Outcomes and Cost Analysis. (P.I. Dr. Jason Pui-Yin CHEUNG, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology. The University of Hong Kong)

Professional Services
Grant Committee
2010-2019 Co-Chair and Executive member, Grant Review Board, Health and Medical Research Fund, Food and Health Bureau, the Government of the HKSAR.
2010-2019 Executive Member, Grant Review Board for the Health and Health Services Research Fund and the Research Fund for the Control of Infectious Diseases in Hong Kong. Health, Welfare and Food Bureau, the Government of the HKSAR.


Editorship & Editorial Boards
2015-2020 Section Editor, BMC Family Practice
2018-2020 Associate Editor, Family Practice-an international Journal.
2013-present International Advisor, Malaysian Family Physician Journal, Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia
Member, Editorial Board, Chronic Illness, Sage Publications, UK
2001-2010 Member, International Editorial Board, Biomed Central (BMC) Medical Education
2008-present Member, Editorial Board, the H.K. Practitioner Journal, the Hong Kong College of Family Physicians
1996-2001 Member, International Editorial Board, British Medical Journal, U.K.


Professional Committees
2008-2019 Chief Censor, The Hong Kong College of Family Physicians.
2017-2020 Member, Steering Committee on Primary Healthcare Development, Food and Health Bureau, Government of the HKSAR.
2018-2020 Member, Expert Advisory Panel in Primary Healthcare and Non-communicable Disease. Research Council, Food and Health Bureau, the Government of the HKSAR.
2019-2022 Member, Management Committee of Kwai Tsing District Health Center, Food & Health Bureau, Government of HKSAR.
2018-2021 Member, Cancer Coordinating Committee, Food and Health Bureau, Government of the HKSAR.
2014-2020 Member, Colorectal Cancer Screening Pilot Programme Task Force, Department of Health, Government of the HKSAR.
2017-2020 Asia-Pacific Regional Vice-Chairman, WONCA Working Party on Mental Health, World Organization of Family Doctors.
2018-2019 Master Faculty, Improving Family Physicians Management of Patients with Depression and Anxiety/Asia Pacific Training Programme. California Academy of Family Physicians and WONCA Working Party for Mental Health.


Other Information
Honours & Community Services
1 July, 2018 The Medal of Honour (MH), the Government of the Hong Kong SAR.
2011 Honorary Fellow, Hong Kong College of Family Physicians.
16 July, 2010 Justice of the Peace (JP), the Government of the Hong Kong SAR.
2018-2020 Academic Lead, Asia Pacific Academic Primary Care Group to build primary care research capacity in the region.
2012-2017 Member, Corruption Prevention Advisory Committee, ICAC, Government of the HKSAR.